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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Transforming a Pariah State: International Dimensions of the South African Transition
Author:Klotz, Audie
Periodical:Africa Today
Period:1st-2nd Quarters
Geographic term:South Africa
Politics and Government
international relations
Economics and Trade
Military, Defense and Arms
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4187032
Abstract:This paper examines the extent to which international sanctions influenced the transition to majority rule in South Africa. It first discusses South Africa's internal and external militarization during the Cold War and shows that the end of the Cold War did not cause reform, although it created a context conducive to political change. A section on the influence of international economic and social sanctions on the policy of the apartheid State shows that sanctions offered prospects of benefits if reforms should be implemented and increased costs if they were not. The National Party (NP) government and white South Africans generally responded to these incentives. Sanctions induced, rather than coerced, reforms and reinforced the legitimacy of government policy. An examination of the effect of sanctions on the anti-apartheid opposition shows that sanctions were not the only factor which undermined Buthelezi's Inkatha and bolstered the ANC's position. They were, however, a significant influence on the rise and fall of Buthelezi, illustrating that international pressures can successfully legitimate group identity and behaviour. The paper concludes with an examination of the possible influence of forms of international pressure on developments in South Africa in the future. Notes, ref.