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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Patriarchs, politics and ethnicity in the making of the Ciskei, 1945-1959
Author:Mager, AnneISNI
Periodical:African Studies
Geographic terms:South Africa
Subjects:colonial policy
indigenous peoples
communal lands
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Politics and Government
Women's Issues
Ethnic and Race Relations
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
External link:https://doi.org/10.1080/00020189508707815
Abstract:In the scattered reserves of the Ciskei, South Africa, two administrative systems existed side by side in the 1940s: the Ciskei General Council or Bunga and its elected local councils, bodies of educated men presided over by white native commissioners, and 'inkundlas', forums of older men, including the headman's advisers and presided over by headmen. Afrikaner nationalist victory at the polls in 1948 heralded a dramatic change in the two-tiered administrative structure of the Ciskei. The Bantu Authorities Act of 1951 placed the administration of Africans firmly under the control of the Native Affairs Department (NAD). Its purpose was to 'obtain the active participation of the Bantu in the running of their own affairs in an indirect way'.' In the Ciskei, winning over support for the Bantu authorities required the destruction of the Bunga system. It also meant boosting the power of headmen and 'inkundla' leaders. Implicit in the process of reinventing ethnicity was the expectation that African men's power over women would be reinforced. This article describes the process of restructuring power and authority relations in the Ciskei up to 1959. The first three parts lead up to the implementation of the Bantu Authorities Act and the last part follows the first steps of its implementation. Notes, ref., sum.