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Title:Drought management strategies in Southern Africa: from relief through rehabilitation to vulnerability reduction
Author:Thompson, Carol B.ISNI
City of publisher:Windhoek
Geographic terms:Southern Africa
Subjects:food policy
Abstract:The worst drought of the century in southern Africa placed millions of households in the region under severe stress and increased vulnerability to malnutrition, disease and ultimately mortality. This study examines the issue of support to the vulnerable, not only for survival in a drought year but also for development. Its point of departure is that natural calamities are perennial in southern Africa and that they should no longer be treated simply as short-term emergencies. Reduction of vulnerability has three components: emergency response, rehabilitation, poverty reduction. The study summarizes the impact of drought in southern Africa on economically vulnerable groups; evaluates policy, planning and practice regarding food security in the region in order to understand its strengths and weaknesses; and recommends policy changes that incorporate the issue of poverty or risk reduction into the policy agenda - at national, regional and international levels. The scope of the study is regional, but within this regional perspective it concentrates on three countries: Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The study is based on data collected in 1992.