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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Drought and Coping Strategies in Fulbe Society in the Haya (Central Mali): A Historical Perspective
Authors:Bruijn, Mirjam deISNI
Dijk, Han vanISNI
Year:1994
Periodical:Cahiers d'études africaines
Volume:34
Issue:133-135
Pages:85-108
Language:English
Geographic term:Mali
Subjects:social structure
Fulani
droughts
Drought and Desertification
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
History and Exploration
Link:https://doi.org/10.3406/cea.1994.2041
Abstract:In the Hayre (central Mali), the two Fulbe chiefdoms created in the 19th century have been encapsulated successively in the larger political entities of the Maasina and Toucouleur empire, the French colonial State and the Malian Republic. In each of these periods there is a tension between the requirements of a pastoral way of life, the State, and the most important ideological power in the precolonial political formations, Islam. The position of the pastoralists, the 'jalloube', has become more and more marginal. On the other hand the 'riimaybe', ex-slaves of the Fulbe, have become an integral part of Fulbe society, while the distance between the 'weheebe' (the elite) and the 'jalloube' has grown as the former have become more and more immersed in the politics of a State increasingly dominated by urban and agricultural interests. However, the ideologies related to the old political hierarchies define, until today, the strategies the different social groups have developed to cope with the drought of the last two decennia. As traditional bonds based on political relations, kinship, cattle and ideologies concerning status weaken, Islam seems to take over as a common ideology. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in French (p. 521-522).
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