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Title:Democracy, Development, and Human Rights in Zimbabwe: A Contradictory Terrain
Authors:Derman, BillISNI
Murombedzi, James
Periodical:African Rural and Urban Studies
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:popular participation
agricultural projects
Politics and Government
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Development and Technology
Abstract:This paper examines two rural development projects in the Zambezi Valley in northern Zimbabwe - the Nyaminyami Wildlife Management Trust (NWMT) and the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) more broadly, and the Mid-Zambezi Rural Development Project (MZP) - in order to explore the intersection between development and democracy. The MZP is a government directed project, designed to benefit valley residents and new settlers without consultation and discussion. This has not meant, however, that residents did not try to make their voices heard. One of the most controversial parts of the MZP is the relocation of the valley populations. Part of the resistance to the MZP is due to the majority of residents concluding that their basic rights as citizens are being violated. NWMT, the CAMPFIRE programme in Omay Communal Area in Nyaminyami District, was set up not to involve local people in decisionmaking but to qualify for the funds generated by wildlife. The larger strategy for Omay was to establish that wildlife could become an important source of revenue for households. However, c. 80 percent of households do not consider wildlife as any benefit to them. The authors conclude that the central objectives of both development projects will not succeed because they have not included mechanisms to adjust the project to local concerns. Bibliogr., notes, ref.