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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The post-colonial State and development planning in Nigeria, 1962-1985
Author:Dibua, J.I.ISNI
Year:1994
Periodical:Journal of Eastern African Research and Development (ISSN 0251-0405)
Volume:24
Pages:212-228
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Nigeria
West Africa
Subjects:economic policy
national plans
Economics, Commerce
development planning
history
Abstract:In the late 1950s and 1960s the national development plan was seen as essential for the economic development of the newly independent African States. In the early 1980s, on the grounds that excessive State regulation of the economy was to blame for Africa's severe economic crisis, development planning was jettisoned in favour of structural adjustment programmes embodying the free play of market forces. Using Nigeria as a case study, the author argues that the decision to de-emphasize the role of the State is not based on a correct analysis of the factors responsible for the failure of development planning. The uncritical adoption of the neoclassical Keynesian planning model and the emphasis on modernization largely invalidated the planning exercise. Moreover, the fact that planning was not used as a tool for the radical transformation of the inherited environment led to the entrenchment of neocolonial dependence. Indeed, Nigeria's various development programmes and oil wealth became avenues for surplus accumulation by both the ruling class and their foreign mentors. What is needed to overcome the present worsening economic crisis is an interventionist, nationalistic and genuinely developmentalist State that would promote a planning exercise that takes proper account of the existing realities, and recognizes the need radically to transform the neocolonial environment. Notes, ref., sum.
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