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Title:Land disputes and ecological degradation in an irrigation scheme: a case study of state farm divestiture in Chokwe, Mozambique
Authors:Tanner, ChristopherISNI
Myers, GregoryISNI
Oad, RamchandISNI
Series:A research paper (ISSN 0084-0815)
City of publisher:Madison, WI
Publisher:Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:land reform
agricultural projects
land law
Abstract:Divestiture of State farmland is at the centre of the debate on land policy in Mozambique. Divestiture has been occurring in the Chokwe irrigation scheme, Gaza Province, since 1983, when the huge agro-industrial complex CAIL (Complexo Agro-Industrial do Vale do Limpopo) was dismantled and divided into ten separate State enterprises. The Mozambican Ministry of Agriculture, in conjunction with the Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin-Madison, initiated a study of the organizational, technical, and sociolegal problems associated with the divestiture of use rights to State farmland in the Chokwe irrigation scheme. Field research, conducted in 1992 on three State farms in the scheme: Massavasse, Conhane, and Chilembene, sought to elicit information on the criteria used to determine who received rights to land, the mechanics of the land distribution process, who carried out the distribution, what types of land rights were granted, problems affecting the distribution, the role of Siremo (Sistema do Regadio Eduardo Mondlane - a State-owned enterprise charged with management and maintenance of the programme's infrastructure and distribution of water) and other bodies in the distribution process, what types of land conflicts have emerged as a result of the distribution process, and the role, if any, of local community or customary leaders in both distribution and conflict resolution processes. The present report details the overall findings.