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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Educational Policy in African Colonial Contexts: The Case of Instructional Media in Southern Rhodesia (1930-1980)
Author:Hungwe, Kedmon N.
Periodical:African Study Monographs
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Great Britain
educational policy
broadcast courses
Education and Oral Traditions
History and Exploration
External link:https://jambo.africa.kyoto-u.ac.jp/kiroku/asm_normal/abstracts/pdf/ASM%20%20Vol.15%20No.1%201994/Kedmon%20HUNGWE.pdf
Abstract:One of the enduring influences of British colonialism in Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) was the introduction of a State-directed formal education system, largely shaped and constrained by the values and assumptions of a white racial elite determined to maintain socioeconomic and political dominance over other ethnic groups in the country. The author reviews the way in which the racially segregated system of education evolved and traces developments in the period 1930-1945, notably radio broadcasting and correspondence education, two major instructional media innovations developed for the education of white children and intended to strengthen white solidarity and advancement. Radio broadcasting, moreover, exemplified colonial language policy and its close link with the interests of an Anglo-Saxon cultural hegemony. The author further considers the 'native question' and the ambivalence evident in colonial educational strategies for Africans, which sought to reconcile limited and segregated African development with white supremacy; the growing African demand for upper primary and secondary education in the late 1940s, a demand partly met by the development of correspondence education for Africans; and the changing socioeconomic and political climate after World War II which gradually forced changes in the form, content and accessibility of education. Such changes notwithstanding, the educational system remained racially differentiated and unequal throughout the colonial period. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.