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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Mechanisation and Agricultural Supply Response in the Sahel: A Farm-Level Profit Function Analysis
Authors:Savadogo, KimseyingaISNI
Reardon, ThomasISNI
Pietola, KyostiISNI
Periodical:Journal of African Economies
Geographic term:Burkina Faso
Subjects:agricultural economy
small farms
agricultural mechanization
Development and Technology
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Economics and Trade
External link:https://jae.oxfordjournals.org/content/4/3/336.full.pdf
Abstract:This paper uses farm-level survey data from the first half of the 1980s from Burkina Faso to estimate, using a profit function approach, the supply responsiveness of farm households to changes in prices and nonprice factors, for individual crops and aggregate output. The sample is stratified first by agroecological zone and manual (hand tool) households. Three main conclusions emerge. First, the results run counter to the common pessimism regarding Sahel agriculture's ability to respond to better incentives - particularly for cash cropping. Second, aggregate output responds positively to increases in the price of currently commercialized crops (cotton and maize) among traction households in the zone with the most favourable agroclimate, the Guinean zone - thus averting the fear that price increases only lead to crop mix shifts. Third, absolute levels of response for cash crops and for aggregate output are much higher where nonprice factors are propitious - specifically, in the favourable agroclimate and among animal traction households that use fertilizer. Supply response is more limited in less favourable agroclimates and among households limited to hand-tool technologies. The results underscore the greater flexibility of the animal traction farmers to respond to economic incentives for cotton and maize. App., bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.