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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Reforming Tanzania's Agricultural Extension System: The Challenges Ahead
Author:Mattee, A.Z.
Periodical:African Study Monographs
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:agricultural extension
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Education and Oral Traditions
External link:https://jambo.africa.kyoto-u.ac.jp/kiroku/asm_normal/abstracts/pdf/%82%60%82r%82l%81@Vol.15%20No.4%201994/A.Z.%20MATTEE.pdf
Abstract:The agricultural extension system in Tanzania has faced many problems. The key one seems to be the poor institutional, administrative and organizational structure of the extension services. Recently, the Tanzanian government, with the assistance of the World Bank, launched a major restructuring of the country's extension system through the National Agricultural and Livestock Extension Rehabilitation Project (NALERP), which will include the introduction of the Training and Visit (T and V) system of extension. The present article analyses the structure and management of the current extension system in Tanzania and draws attention to some of the major problems which must be addressed in the course of restructuring the system, such as poor communication, ineffective planning, overall lack of coordination, poor staff motivation, and lack of extension-research interaction. It notes that while the T and V approach has certain merits, it reinforces the top-down bureaucratic operation of the existing system and, if anything, increases staff allegiance to the organization rather than to the farmers. Also, it does not address specific Tanzanian conditions, such as the chronic shortage of resources, the serious problems of other inefficient service agencies, and poor credit, marketing and pricing policies. Bibliogr., sum.