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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Traditional Agrosilvipastoral Complex System in the Kilimanjaro Region, and Its Implications for the Japanese-Assisted Lower Irrigation Project
Author:Ikegami, Koichi
Periodical:African Study Monographs
Geographic term:Tanzania
land use
agricultural land
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://jambo.africa.kyoto-u.ac.jp/kiroku/asm_normal/abstracts/pdf/%82%60%82r%82l%81@Vol.15%20No.4%201994/Koichi%20IKEGAMI.pdf
Abstract:There are several farming systems in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. The author focuses on two - the traditional farming of the Chagga on the slopes of Mt Kilimanjaro, and the modern paddy farming introduced by Japanese foreign aid in the Lower Moshi irrigation project - and assesses their significance and limits. Data derive from field research and interviews, amongst others with farmers in Maua, Chekereni and Mabogini villages, part of a study carried out intermittently from 1989 to 1992. The Chagga 'agrosilvipastoral complex' combines farming, forestry and livestock in a sophisticated homestead farm, the 'kihamba'. The Chagga system of multiple cropping in plots which include crops of different heights, such as leaf vegetables, arabica coffee, banana, and large trees, is both land intensive and labour extensive. However, although the Chagga agrosilvipastoral complex is characterized by diversity and sustainability, its equilibrium point is being threatened by increasing commoditization, depressed coffee prices, high population growth, division of the 'kihamba' into smaller plots under the system of customary inheritance, and lack of new arable land. As a result, Chagga have migrated to the lowland, where production levels were traditionally low and unstable. Japanese-style modern paddy farming, begun in 1985 in the semiarid lower zone, is expected to improve farmers' living conditions. So far, the Lower Moshi irrigation project has performed well, but it is possible to foresee a number of problems in sustaining this achievement. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.