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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Transforming Rural Hunters into Conservationists: An Assessment of Community-Based Wildlife Management Programs in Africa
Authors:Gibson, Clark C.
Marks, Stuart A.
Periodical:World Development
Geographic terms:East Africa
Southern Africa
Subjects:wildlife protection
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(95)00025-8
Abstract:The failure of conventional wildlife management in eastern and southern Africa has led several countries to implement community-based wildlife programmes. This paper examines the assumptions these initiatives make about rural hunters, and describes how the programmes attempt to induce individuals away from illegal hunting. Using game theory, the paper assesses the actual impact of a community-based wildlife programme in Zambia, the Administrative Management Design for Game Management Areas (ADMADE). ADMADE is an approach for conserving wildlife based upon the sustainable offtake of wild animals, with the proceeds of these harvests shared with local residents. It was found that community-based wildlife management programmes misunderstand some of the economic, political and social benefits of local hunting. As a result, these schemes succeed in protecting some of the larger mammals only by virtue of their increased enforcement levels and not because of their ability to distribute socioeconomic benefits. Rather than support conservation, local hunters continue to kill game at a rate comparable to the days before the programmes, although they have shifted their tactics and prey selection. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.