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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The 'Union des populations du Cameroun' and its Southern Cameroons connection
Author:Takougang, JosephISNI
Periodical:Revue franšaise d'histoire d'outre-mer
Geographic terms:British Cameroons
Subjects:nation building
Union des Populations du Cameroun
External link:https://doi.org/10.3406/outre.1996.3395
Abstract:Based largely on archival sources, this paper discusses the involvement of the Union des populations du Cameroun (UPC) in Southern (British) Cameroons politics before 1955, and after July 1955, when most of the party's leadership took up residence in the Southern Camerooons following the banning of the UPC in the French Cameroons. Beyond promoting the 'unification idea' in the territory, the party sought to become an important player in Southern Cameroons domestic politics and to promote the economic and political agenda of French Cameroonian immigrants. By 1957, however, the UPC had lost much of its initial support. Although many Southern Cameroonian politicians were receptive to the UPC, they were interested in the latter chiefly as a means of promoting their own personal political agenda. At the same time, the Marxist rhetoric of the UPC, coupled with its uncompromising approach to reunification and the violence associated with the party in the French Cameroons, meant that many Southern Cameroonian politicians viewed the UPC with some apprehension. In May 1957 the UPC was proscribed in the Southern Cameroons as well. It was succeeded by the One Kamerun party, which continued its pursuit of reunification and was ultimately successful in realizing its political agenda when the two Cameroons were reunified in 1961. Notes, ref., sum. in English and French.