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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Does the Definition of the Issue Matter? NGO Influence and the International Convention to Combat Desertification in Africa
Authors:Carr, Susan
Mpande, Roger
Year:1996
Periodical:Journal of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics
Volume:34
Issue:1
Period:March
Pages:143-160
Language:English
Geographic terms:Subsaharan Africa
Africa
Subjects:NGO
international agreements
droughts
international relations
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Drought and Desertification
Abstract:This paper summarizes the differing definitions and explanations of the problem of desertification, examines the extent to which competing definitions were exploited to further particular interests in the negotiations leading to the International Convention to Combat Desertification (1994), and discusses the effect this had on the opportunities for NGOs to influence the negotiations. The main emphasis of the paper is on Africa because the convention, although international, gives priority to action in Africa, and African governments and African NGOs played a prominent part in the debate. In the discussion, interest-based regime theory is used to explore why, despite the uncertainties surrounding the desertification issue and in marked contrast to the forestry issue, international agreement on the text of a Convention to Combat Desertification was relatively easily achieved. Bibliogr.
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