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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Johannesburg Massacre: Media Images of the South African Transition
Author:Windrich, ElaineISNI
Year:1996
Periodical:Africa Today
Volume:43
Issue:1
Period:January-March
Pages:77-94
Language:English
Geographic term:South Africa
Subjects:elections
1994
political parties
homicide
mass communication
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Literature, Mass Media and the Press
nationalism
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/4187082
Abstract:This paper examines worldwide media coverage of the 'Johannesburg massacre' of 28 March 1994. The incident occurred at the peak of the election campaign in South Africa, when members of the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) decided to march to the headquarters of the ANC carrying their so-called traditional weapons. The protesters were apparently fired upon and a number of them killed. The IFP and the mainstream and conservative press, without any clear evidence, immediately blamed the ANC for the massacre. According to the author, the IFP, in collaboration with elements of the South African Police (SAP), attempted to tarnish the image of the ANC and thus prevent the party from winning the two-thirds majority needed to enact a new constitution. Although the plot did not succeed in preventing an ANC victory, it did succeed somehow: the conservative press has continued to portray the ANC as the initiator of the violence, and the IFP and the conservatives have continued to exploit the incident in order to support the IFP's demand for autonomy and to discredit Mandela's leadership. Notes, ref.
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