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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Farmer Turn Over on Settlement Schemes: The Experience of Limphasa Irrigated Rice Scheme, Northern Malawi
Author:Kishindo, Pascal J.
Periodical:Nordic Journal of African Studies
Geographic term:Malawi
Subjects:settlement schemes
household income
agricultural projects
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Development and Technology
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:Between 1968 and 1979 the Malawi government established a number of settlement schemes as one way of improving the socioeconomic status of the rural population. Most of the settlement schemes were irrigated schemes for the production of rice. It was envisaged that as farmer incomes improved, diversification into off-farm economic activities would occur, and this would create employment for family and non-family members. Sufficiently high farmer incomes would also stimulate the purchase of a wide range of locally available goods and services, thus improving local incomes. However, the rate of farmer turnover on the schemes is very high and their impact on the local community has been minimal. Using Limphasa Irrigated Rice Scheme as a case study, this paper examines the factors that militate against permanent settlement in local development. The scheme's records show that between its inception in 1969/1970 and 1988 the average annual rate of turnover was 25 percent. The following reasons underlay the intention of farmers to leave: deficiencies in the provision of health services and water; poor earnings; and expectations of most farmers to return to their homes of origin once they have accumulated enough money for their targets. Bibliogr., notes., sum.