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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Dualistic theory and spatial development in a land-locked location in Nigeria
Author:Balogun, O.
Periodical:Savanna: A Journal of the Environmental and Social Sciences
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:dual economy
landlocked countries
Abstract:The dualistic theory first put forward by J.H. Boeke in 1911 provides a theoretical framework for understanding the coexistence of advanced (capitalist) and backward (precapitalist) economies within the one system and for analysing the sectoral and spatial dimensions of the economic development of developing countries. This economic dualism is evident in many West African countries, where development has tended to be concentrated in the south along the coast rather than in the hinterland to the north. The present author examines whether the same lopsided pattern of spatial development also applies to an inland location, specifically the landlocked area of Kwara State in Nigeria, using data on 14 selected indicators of economic development for the 69 administrative districts in the state. Two variables - health care and education - were found to account for 82 percent of the total variance in the orignal set of variables. The central part of Kwara State was found to be more developed in respect of the provision of health care facilities and education than the peripheral areas, thus lending support to the dualistic theory of development. Bibliogr.