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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Poor Women and Nationalist Politics: Alliances and Fissures in the Formation of a Nationalist Political Movement in Salisbury, Rhodesia, 1950-1956
Author:Scarnecchia, Timothy L.ISNI
Year:1996
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Volume:37
Issue:2
Pages:283-310
Language:English
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:nationalism
women
Women's Issues
History and Exploration
Politics and Government
Historical/Biographical
Labor and Employment
organizations
Sex Roles
Link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/183187
Abstract:This article explores the relationships between specific groups of women and men in Salisbury (now Harare) during a formative period of urban nationalist politics in Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), showing the failure of nationalists to incorporate women's demands, rather than the absence of women's struggles. It first examines the Reformed Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union's attempts to capitalize on an alliance with poorer women during the early 1950s. Secondly, new opportunities created by spatial and economic transformations in the urban economy in the 1950s are discussed in terms of a social mobility that led a minority of women to new social status. The Bus Boycott in 1956, led by the City Youth League, is then addressed as an event in nationalist history, but also as the interaction of women's class mobility and the violence which threatened it, either on a day-to-day basis or in the particular events of the Bus Boycott. The implications of these two separate events for the relationship of specific groups of women to nationalist politics, and nationalist historiography, are analysed. Notes, ref., sum.
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