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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Politics of Economic Diversification: Reconceptualizing the Rural Informal Sector in South-East Tanzania
Author:Seppälä, PekkaISNI
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:rural economy
informal sector
Women's Issues
Labor and Employment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Cultural Roles
Sex Roles
External link:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7660.1996.tb00603.x
Abstract:This study examines how economic diversification is changing a village in Tanzania (Kilimahewe, Lindi District) under economic liberalization. More specifically, it asks how different wealth groups are able to incorporate income-generating activities into their livelihood strategies. A brief presentation of agricultural differentiation is followed by an examination of the variety of income-generating activities (extraction of natural resources, crafts, services, trade). The more nuanced cultural distinctions in the village in relation to economic activities are then discussed. The income-generating activities are framed as part of the livelihood strategy: case studies are used to exemplify the way in which income-generating activities are conditioned by the livelihood strategies of individuals and households. The conclusion is that while diversification (as a division of labour) is advanced at the village level, it appears that different activities enhance the division of the village into segregated cultural spheres and increase economic differentiation. At the village level the diversity of income-generating activities reduces any single line of economic dependency either on the State or on market actors. Notes, ref., bibliogr., sum.