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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Women, Water Supply and Sanitation Problems in Poor Compounds of Lusaka
Author:Sikwibele, Anne L.
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review (ISSN 1027-1775)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zambia
Central Africa
Subjects:water supply
Women's Issues
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Urbanization and Migration
Cultural Roles
Health, Nutrition, and Medicine
Sex Roles
Medicine, Nutrition, Public Health
Women's role
public health
Lusaka (Zambia)
Abstract:Providing adequate water and sanitation in the urban shantytowns of Zambia remains difficult, despite increasing government concern. The problem is compounded by poverty and overcrowding, operational difficulties, inadequate funding due to uncollected water rates and low user fees, lack of coordination between the various agencies and departments concerned and the absence of institutional monitoring and legal enforcement of the laws regarding environmental pollution. Based on questionnaire interviews with 600 respondents, mainly women, carried out in 1992 in seven compounds in Lusaka - Chaisa, Chipata, Chawama, George, Kanyama, Mandevu and Marapodi - the author presents information on specific water and sanitation issues, in particular problems related to the sharing of toilets, the fetching of water, garbage disposal and disease prevalence. She highlights the Project Urban Self-Help (PUSH), which started in 1991 and which aims to improve nutritional and environmental health standards in compounds by providing food to people who work on projects such as road maintenance, drainage clearance, toilet construction and refuse collection. The project targets mainly women as they are the most vulnerable group and yet have to provide food for their families even without access to income-generating activities. Bibliogr.