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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Seasonal Changes in the Subsistence Activities and Food Intake of the Aka Hunter-Gatherers in Northeastern Congo
Author:Kitanishi, Koichi
Periodical:African Study Monographs
Geographic term:Congo (Republic of)
subsistence economy
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:In central Africa there is a close relationship between cultivators and hunter-gatherers (Pygmies), who depend on agricultural foods exchanged for forest products or labour. In northeastern Congo, the Aka hunter-gatherers lead a dual mode of life. They spend four to eight months a year in the forest and the remainder of the year in or around the village. In the forest they depend mainly on wild animal and plant food; in the village on agricultural food. Their subsistence activities are influenced by the fluctuation in the availability of wild food resources. This fluctuation does not follow a simple annual cycle, but varies from year to year. The subsistence activities of the Aka - hunting, collecting honey, invertebrate animals and wild plants, fishing, and agricultural work - are more complex than those of other hunter-gatherers in the Congo basin, and dependent on the ecology of the tropical rain forest and the local economy in northeastern Congo. The article is based on quantitative data collected from October 1991 to November 1992 in the vicinity of Linganga-Makaou village, the uppermost village on the Motaba River of Dongou District, Likouala Region. App., bibliogr., notes.