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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'Sudan Notes and Records' and Sudanese Nationalism,1918-1956
Author:Hamad, Bushra
Periodical:History in Africa
Geographic term:Sudan
History and Exploration
Abstract:'Sudan Notes and Records' (SNR), a leading African scholarly journal on Sudanese studies, was founded by the British administration of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan in 1918, the year in which the Wafd party was formed to achieve Egypt's independence of Britain. SNR was sponsored by the Sudan government as an 'encyclopedia' of scientific information on the country and its people, with guidelines that stressed wide coverage of the Sudan rather than a more narrow focus. This study argues that, from its founding until the late 1940s, SNR had ostensibly political orientations as reflected in the editorial policy of the journal. The political leanings of SNR had two dimensions: internal and external. On the internal level, editorial policy in the 1920s favoured notables and tribal chiefs, rather than the intelligentsia. In the late 1930s, editorial policy began to favour the intelligentsia. On the external level, the political bias of SNR was directly linked to the British policy vis--vis Egyptian claims of sovereignty over the Sudan. The study contends that one of the tactics the British used to separate the Sudan from Egypt was to foster the concept of nationalism among the Sudanese through archaeological research. Notes, ref.