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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Are Egyptian farmers technically efficient? An empirical investigation
Author:Aly, Hassan Y.
Periodical:L'Égypte contemporaine
Geographic term:Egypt
Subjects:agricultural technology
Abstract:Most studies of agriculture in Egypt during the last three decades have attributed the low, stagnant, and at times falling growth rates of the agricultural sector to allocative (price) inefficiency stemming from government price control policies. The present study investigates the other side of the economic efficiency picture, namely technical efficiency. Using a nonparametric, linear programming approach, the author measures the overall technical efficiency of a microlevel sample of 193 Egyptian farmers, using data collected as part of the 1980 Egyptian Fertility Survey. The variables used in the analysis are value of farm output, labour, land, value of input material and other costs. The results indicate that Egyptian farmers are scale efficient. However, in terms of pure technical efficiency, they could have produced the same level of output with almost half of the input usually used. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.