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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Subsistence Hunting and Special Game Licenses in Botswana
Author:Hitchcock, Robert K.
Periodical:Botswana Notes and Records (ISSN 0525-5090)
Notes:biblio. refs., maps
Geographic terms:Botswana
Southern Africa
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Law, Human Rights and Violence
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
nature conservation
government policy
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/40980133
Abstract:In part because of the presence of populations in rural areas that depended to a significant degree on wild resources and the long tradition of hunting in the country, the government of Botswana decided in 1979 to establish a Special Game Licence under the 'Unified Hunting Regulations'. The purpose of this special licence, to be issued by the Department of Wildlife and National Parks, was to guarantee rights to those people who belonged to communities that foraged for a living or who were Remote Area Dwellers who depended on hunting and gathering for a subsistence and income. Since its inception in 1979, the Special Game Licence has been somewhat controversial. Moreoever, the lack of clear policy guidance on activities that can be carried out with Special Game Licences has led to a crisis of confidence in rural communities about them. In 1995 a special consultancy examined the issue of Special Game Licences, the current parameters of their utilization and their impacts. The investigation included visits to Phuduhudu and /Xai/Xai, North West District, and Ukhwi, Kgalagadi District. The benefits of Special Game Licence usage at the community level were found to be significant from a nutritional, economic and social standpoint. If Special Game Licences are to be phased out, it should only be in those places where alternative livelihoods are available. App., bibliogr., note.