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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:African Rural Labour and the World Bank: An Alternative Perspective
Authors:Bryceson, Deborah F.ISNI
Howe, John
Year:1997
Periodical:Development in Practice
Volume:7
Issue:1
Period:February
Pages:26-38
Language:English
Geographic terms:Subsaharan Africa
Africa
Subjects:employment
rural areas
World Bank
rural development
Labor and Employment
Economics and Trade
international relations
Link:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/09614529754738
Abstract:In the context of economic and technological change in the late 20th century, the World Bank's World Development Report 1995 (WDR 1995) combines the themes of labour and the global market, celebrating the triumph of the market in efficient labour allocation worldwide. The World Bank's emphasis on boosting Africa's agricultural export capacity ignores the prevailing hostile conditions which African products encounter on the world market, and the current tendency towards agricultural labour displacement and its social and political implications. This paper first reviews the general approach to the dynamics of the world economy of the WDR 1995. Next, it considers recent African agricultural performance, using evidence from Ghana and Tanzania. It further relates documented social and political tendencies to sub-Saharan Africa's current economic policies and performance. The imbalances of rural labour displacement are highlighted, and measures to address the growing problem are sketched. The paper argues that employment-creating programmes which draw on sub-Saharan Africa's growing supply of underemployed rural labour are a means of addressing peasant labour displacement before it reaches crisis proportions. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.
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