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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Market Reforms and the State: The Case of Shea in Ghana
Author:Chalfin, BrendaISNI
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:oil crops
Politics and Government
Economics and Trade
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/161379
Abstract:Shea is an oilseed used in the manufacture of foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. Since 1949 the government of Ghana has controlled the domestic purchase of shea and its sale for export on the world market through a series of marketing boards. Over the past ten years, shea export policy has undergone an apparently radical revision, moving from exclusive State involvement in the 1980s to the inclusion of private formal-sector enterprises and the removal of all price regulations and buying restrictions in 1991. At that time, the Produce Buying Company (PBC), the State-owned enterprise in charge of the shea market and a subsidiary of the Cocoa Marketing Board (CMB), renounced its control of shea export. By 1992 the PBC was effectively demobilized. Yet four years later, the PBC was still around and assuming new roles and goals in the shea economy. At the same time, fresh institutions are reinventing some of the old functions of the PBC, while others enliven the social and physical infrastructure and operational models it previously established and later abandoned. The result is a simultaneous breakdown and a confused rebuilding of State-derived economic controls. Data for the article were collected in Ghana in 1994 and 1995. Notes, ref.