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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Scales of Environmental Management: Wetlands Conservation in Kenya and Uganda
Author:Richardson, Benjamin J.
Periodical:African Journal of International and Comparative Law
Geographic terms:Uganda
Subjects:international agreements
environmental policy
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Abstract:Effective management of environmental resources in developing countries requires proper integration of relevant local, national and international institutions. The first part of this article introduces the problem of reconciling various scales of environmental management. The requirements of the 1971 Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (known as the 'Ramsar Convention') and the problems associated with conserving wetlands are then detailed. The remainder of the article examines the implementation of the Convention in Kenya and Uganda, and compares the ways in which national and local institutions have shaped the management of wetlands. The two countries provide contrasting approaches. While the Kenyan government has relied largely on colonial-dated administrative structures to manage wetlands, and has used national parks and reserves as the main way of conserving wetlands, the Ugandan government has taken a much broader approach of managing wetlands for their diverse economic and ecological values and has attempted pioneering policymaking processes that combine reform of national legislation with the overhaul of local government and property rights structures that shape village-based resource use practices. Notes, ref.