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|Periodical article||Leiden University catalogue||WorldCat|
|Title:||Education and vocational training for the promotion of productivity and incomes in the informal sector (with a case study from Khartoum, Sudan)|
House, William J.
|Periodical:||African Development Perspectives Yearbook|
|Abstract:||Promotion of the informal sector increases the demand for unskilled and otherwise surplus or underutilized labour, promoting income and employment growth among the poor and so reducing poverty. The bulk of the evidence from informal sector surveys suggests that there is a real need for training in order to upgrade skills in the informal sector, although it is not necessarily the sole or even the most important constraint to the sector's operation. From a training policy point of view, however, it is unclear how formal training should address informal sector training needs. Apprenticeship, which constitutes a major way in which the young enter the informal sector, has a number of advantages as a vehicle for learning and skills can probably be enhanced best by working within the context of the indigenous apprenticeship system. Possible approaches to training for the informal sector include the extension model, the release approach (a combination of on-the-job apprenticeship training and classroom instruction), and training through production. A case study from Khartoum, Sudan, based on data collected in 1988, provides information on the effect of formal education and labour market experience on the earnings of informal sector business operators/entrepreneurs and their employees. Bibliogr.|