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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Antinomies of Access: Social Differentiation and Communal Tenure in a Namaqualand Reserve, South Africa
Author:Hendricks, Fred T.ISNI
Periodical:Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:South Africa
Southern Africa
Subjects:social structure
customary law
land law
communal lands
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Labor and Employment
History and Exploration
land tenure
Namaqualand (South Africa)
Abstract:Situated in the remote northwestern corner of South Africa, the Richtersveld reserve is in the larger region of Namaqualand. The author traces the manner in which colonial penetration undermined and distorted the land tenure system in the region, compares the experience of the coloured reserves with that of the larger bantustans, demonstrates the failure of State interventionist attempts in the early 1980s at individualization of the communal grazing areas through the policy of economic farming units and questions the viability of the present distorted communal system in a context of extreme social differentiation. Finally, he examines the disintegration of local grazing regulation to a free access situation and the long-term environmental and social impact. The article moves from a historical and comparative perspective of reserve policies in South Africa as a whole to the local conditions in one village of the Richtersveld reserve, Lekkersing, and finally to the experiences of one stock farmer in Lekkersing, Joseph Cloete. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.