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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Market Women, Development, and Structural Adjustment in Harare, Zimbabwe
Author:Horn, Nancy E.
Year:1995
Periodical:African Rural and Urban Studies
Volume:2
Issue:1
Pages:17-42
Language:English
Geographic term:Zimbabwe
Subjects:development
economic policy
market women
Women's Issues
Economics and Trade
Labor and Employment
Politics and Government
Development and Technology
Urbanization and Migration
economics
urbanization
Abstract:This article explores the divergence in research findings on market women in Africa. On the one hand, women's food vending activities are seen as economically insignificant, but on the other hand, these activities are seen as integral to family survival. Three issues are relevant to an understanding of this paradox: work and how it is defined according to an androcentric model; how market women's activities are seen as an extension of their domestic roles; and how microenterprises are targeted for welfare (as opposed to growth) assistance that limits their potential. After considering these issues, the author supports her contentions with specific data she collected during several periods between 1985 and 1995 on the female fresh produce vendors in Harare, Zimbabwe. She then analyses how the three issues have affected the development policies enacted in Zimbabwe in its Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP) initiated in 1991, and how this economic reform programme has, in turn, affected women microentrepreneurs, in particular. The article demonstrates the deleterious effects development policies have on women when they are not gender sensitive. Bibliogr.
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