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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Forced Labour in the Pilanesberg: The Flogging of Chief Kgamanyane by Commandant Paul Kruger, Saulsport, April 1870.14
Author:Mbenga, Bernard K.
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic terms:Transvaal
South Africa
forced labour
corporal punishment
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Labor and Employment
Ethnic and Race Relations
Abstract:During the 1860s, most of the Kgafela-Kgatla (a Tswana community) lived on Commandant Paul Kruger's property, Saulspoort, in the western Transvaal (South Africa). They were forced to render unpaid labour to the local Boers. In the late 1860s, when Kruger forced Kgatla men to pull cartloads of stone to a construction site, they refused and Kruger publically flogged their chief, Kgamanyane. This article situates the incident in the wider contemporary social and political context in which Boer labour practices and racial attitudes prevailed, as well as Kruger's personal problems at the time. It challenges the existing literature, which explains the migration of Kgamanyane and at least half of his people to Kwena country in present-day Botswana after the flogging in terms of the Boers' incessant demands for forced labour, but which deals with the flogging in a perfunctory manner. The paper corrects this inaccurate picture and shows that, although forced labour was an important factor in the departure of the Kgatla, the flogging incident was an important precipitating factor as well. Notes, ref., sum.