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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Zambia's fledgling democracy: prospects for the future
Author:Chanda, Alfred W.ISNI
Periodical:Zambia Law Journal (ISSN 1027-7862)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zambia
Central Africa
human rights
political science
Abstract:In 1991, Zambia was the first English-speaking country in Africa to abandon one-party rule and adopt a multiparty system of government. The international community hailed Zambia as a model for democracy in Africa. The present author examines whether, and to what extent, democracy has been consolidated in Zambia after the 1991 elections which brought Frederick Chiluba and the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) to power. He posits that democracy in Zambia is in a serious crisis and that the MMD government has abandoned its original commitment to democracy and human rights. Among the major pointers to this are the lack of institutional and legal reforms of the political system; the lack of respect for the rule of law and civil liberties; the erosion of judicial independence; the lack of accountability and transparency; the lack of genuine competition among political parties; the lack of consensus over the constitution; the lack of compromise, cooperation and meaningful dialogue between the government and the opposition and among political parties; the failure to agree on voter registration and electoral procedures; the lack of citizen participation in government; the lack of internal democracy within the MMD; the government's monopoly of the mass media; and the holding in 1996 of elections which were not only boycotted by the United National Independence Party (UNIP) and six other political parties, but whose outcome has also not been accepted by the losers. Notes, ref.