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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:An Evaluation of Socialism in Ancient Africa with Emphasis on the Works of Julius Nyerere and Kwame Nkrumah
Author:Ndubuisi, F.N.
Periodical:Journal of Oriental and African Studies
Geographic term:Africa
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
Abstract:There is a general belief that African societies were organized according to the principles of communalism and it is for this reason that many thinkers have posited that socialism was indigenous to African States. However, whether African societies were really socialist, conceptually and structurally, is a contentious matter. Julius Nyerere had his own unique conception of socialism: he saw socialism as an attitude of mind that made people care for the welfare of others and that ensured that wealth was fairly distributed among all. 'Ujamaa', or 'familyhood', describes Nyerere's brand of socialism. Kwame Nkrumah, by contrast, saw socialism in terms of a system of production of goods and services in fulfillment of peoples' needs. African revolutionaries like Nkrumah borrowed scientific socialism from Marx because its doctrines served the needs of Africa, especially during the struggle against colonial domination and exploitation. Ref., sum.