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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Industrial Decentralisation Revisited
Authors:Hart, Gillian
Todes, Alison
Periodical:Transformation: Critical Perspectives on Southern Africa
Geographic terms:South Africa
Subjects:industrial location
clothing industry
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Abstract:This paper challenges assertions that industrial decentralization in South Africa is an apartheid relic and has never worked. First, it outlines the emerging dynamics of socio-spatial restructuring in KwaZulu-Natal, focusing particularly on the forces that have driven accelerating decentralization of the clothing industry in the first half of the 1990s. Drawing on a survey they conducted in 1994 in Newcastle, the authors also illustrate one set of localized strategies that have intersected with these broader processes. Second, the authors address the question of foreign - particularly Taiwanese - investment. They conclude that industrial decentralization is not just the product of incentives made available through apartheid policies, but reflects much broader tendencies in global capitalism. Furthermore, they argue that industrial decentralization and relocation townships are not just apartheid relics. The neoliberal consensus not only underestimates the economic forces of industrial dispersal; it also ignores the history of dispossession that produced huge agglomerations of population in rural regions, as well as the ongoing imperatives of social security that render large numbers of people - particularly women - effectively immobile. Bibliogr., notes, ref.