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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:AIDS and Economic Welfare in Peasant Agriculture: Case Studies from Kagabiro Village, Kagera Region, Tanzania
Author:Tibaijuka, Anna K.ISNI
Periodical:World Development
Geographic term:Tanzania
Subjects:rural economy
Health and Nutrition
Economics and Trade
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Labor and Employment
External link:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(97)00008-9
Abstract:This paper reviews the progression of the AIDS pandemic in the Kagera region of Tanzania from regional, household and village community perspectives. It concludes that HIV infection continues at a rapid rate because of 1) a culture that inherently encourages multiple sexual partners and polygamy; 2) the high risk of infection due to inadequate protective supplies and utilities in health facilities; and 3) continued economic decline which has increased the rate of migration. Ten case studies of victim households show that the majority of victims were the economically active age group and the impact on production has been disastrous in terms of production forgone as labour is reallocated to nurse and mourn the victims; loss of the victims themselves; orphans and old people left without satisfactory care and subsequent deterioration of their health; declining consumption and farm productivity as assets and working capital are disposed of to pay medical bills; and loss of capital held in the banana-coffee plantations as they degenerate into bush for lack of care. Bibliogr., notes, sum.