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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Impact of the Great Depression on Northern Rhodesia
Author:Kaniki, M.H.Y.
Periodical:Transafrican Journal of History (ISSN 0251-0391)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zambia
Central Africa
Subjects:economic recession
Economics and Trade
History and Exploration
Labor and Employment
History, Archaeology
economic history
Abstract:Recent research has shown that African and other peripheral economies also experienced the impact of the Great Depression of 1929-1935. Northern Rhodesia (present-day Zambia) was a case in point. By the 1920s, capitalist penetration through mining and commercial agriculture had significantly affected the country's economy and thousands of workers had come to depend on these two sectors. They were hit hardest by the Depression, which resulted in massive unemployment and wage reductions. But owners of capital, especially farmers, were not spared either. The colonial government did not know how to handle the crisis, and apart from scattered efforts to reduce taxation, it was not able to reduce the burden of the workers and peasants. Thousands of those who were rejected by the labour market withdrew to the rural areas and took refuge in agricultural production. Their participation in this sector boosted production, but also threatened the security of white settlers who increasingly demanded State protection through legislation. Ref., sum.