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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Shipping Industry in the Lower Cross River Region, Nigeria: 1865-1955
Author:Udoka, Ini A.
Periodical:Transafrican Journal of History (ISSN 0251-0391)
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Nigeria
West Africa
Subjects:mercantile history
maritime transport
History and Exploration
Economics and Trade
Development and Technology
History, Archaeology
economic history
Sea transport
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24328665
Abstract:This paper studies the operations of the shipping industry in the Lower Cross River Region of Nigeria - present Akwa Ibom and the littoral of Cross River State - from its establishment in 1865 until 1955. Commercial shipping in the region began when the African Steamship Company commenced operations in Calabar in 1865. Other companies followed and by the turn of the century, trading firms had penetrated into the hinterland, taking advantage of the ports scattered throughout the interior. Throughout the period, the Elder Dempster Shipping Company played a dominant role in the region. Commercial shipping revolutionized trade relations between the local Efik merchants and European firms on the one hand, and between Efik merchants and the inland population on the other. While the Efik merchants could circumvent European traders and export their goods directly to Europe, the inland population similarly bypassed the Efik middlemen and sold directly to Europeans at the coast. Ref., sum.