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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Fulani Model of Sustainable Agriculture
Author:Wilson, WendyISNI
Year:1995
Periodical:Nomadic Peoples
Issue:36-37
Pages:35-51
Language:English
Geographic term:West Africa
Subjects:Fulani
nomads
agropastoralism
sustainable agriculture
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/43123449
Abstract:This article focuses on Fulbe mobility and sedentarism in different geographic locations as related systems which favour the sustainability of mixed farming communities, which represent the majority of Fulbe communities. The Fulbe live primarily in the Sahel and Sudano-savannah zones of West Africa. The discussion specifically addresses the characteristics of Fulbe mixed farming societies, using tradition as a frame of reference and as a tool for tracking processes of social and economic change. The tenacity of certain mixed farming systems provides a suitable field of enquiry: what traditions contribute to the hardiness of these systems? Which traditions are currently undergoing marked transformation? What can these processes tell us about development constraints and opportunities as they are currently being experienced? Most studies have explored the characteristics of each Fulbe group as a discreet cultural adaptation, so that the people and their culture are the determining variable. However, it seems more probable that ecological adaptations are the determining variable and that people in Fulbe society respond by exploiting one or another adaptation based on economic, political and other considerations. Nomads become semisedentary, and sometimes more sedentary Fulbe become nomads, depending on existing conditions. Bibliogr., sum. in French and Spanish.
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