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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Military Policy and Reform in Ghana
Author:Hutchful, Eboe
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic term:Ghana
Subjects:civil-military relations
defence policy
Military, Defense and Arms
Politics and Government
Abstract:When Jerry Rawlings became Chairman of the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) in Ghana in January 1982, he was faced with several urgent problems in relation to the armed forces. First, their repeated interventions into politics since 1966 had encouraged a cycle of political instability and policy uncertainty. Second, the PNDC was confronted with the fact that the armed forces had been politicized and deflected from their proper functions. Thirdly, with the assault on the officer corps the command structure had collapsed, producing decentralized and rampant violence. This article analyses the PNDC's efforts at reconstructing Ghana's military structure. It distinguishes three phases, each reflecting particular strategies: a politicized and democratic military (1982-1984); political extrication and partial re-professionalization (1984-1987); transition to democracy and further professionalization of the military (1987-1992). It also pays attention to institutional reforms following the 1992 Constitution, the deterioration of military infrastructures, and civil-military relations in the new democratic order. Notes, ref.