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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Modern Education and Social Movements in the Development of Political Consciousness: The Case of the Oromo
Author:Bulcha, Mekuria
Periodical:African Sociological Review
Geographic term:Ethiopia
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Education and Oral Traditions
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24487462
Abstract:This article examines the development of Oromo identity in Ethiopia over the past decades and outlines the transformation of Oromo politics from peaceful protest and accommodation to withdrawal, confrontation, and demands for political autonomy. It argues that the intransigent policies of successive Ethiopian regimes are the main cause of the politicization of Oromo ethnicity. Oromo demands for economic, political and cultural rights have been ignored and trivialized or force has been used to stifle them. The article focuses on the role of intellectuals in the articulation of Oromo aspirations and in the organization of Oromo social movements. It deals in particular with the activities of the Macha Tulama association, established in the 1960s, the Ethiopian student movement, and, later, the Oromo Liberation Front (OLF). Since Oromo intellectuals have gone through the Ethiopian school system, the article also pays attention to the role of education in the crystallization of Oromo ethno-national consciousness. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum. in English and French.