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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Mwomboko Research Project: The Practice of Male Circumcision in Central Kenya and its Implications for the Transmission and Prevention of STD/HIV
Authors:Ahlberg, Beth M.
Kimani, V.N.
Kirumbi, L.W.
Periodical:African Sociological Review
Geographic term:Kenya
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Health and Nutrition
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/24487463
Abstract:This paper deals with male circumcision as practised among the Kikuyu of central Kenya, and discusses its meaning, organization, recent changes and implications for HIV/AIDS. It is based on empirical data gathered during 1992-1996 in Murang'a District, an agriculturally high potential, densely populated area. The study was carried out in the context of the Mwomboko Research Project, whose aim was the prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people. Point of departure of the study was the growing evidence that despite increased knowledge about the transmission of HIV, the adoption of behaviour that reduces the risk of infection has been only modest. Information was gathered from school youth, health workers, teachers and parents about knowledge and beliefs concerning circumcision (male and female), contemporary circumcision practices, and the changing role of the 'mutiri' (initiation counsellor). It was found that male circumcision is still the norm, but that rapid social change in the area has created discrepancies between cognition and practice. Circumcision takes place in clinics, which reduces the chance of HIV transmission. The danger lies more in the emerging youth subculture and certain practices associated with circumcision. Bibliogr., notes.