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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Margins of Order: Strategies of Segregation on the Eastern Cape Frontier, 1806-c.1850
Author:Lester, Alan
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:South Africa
Ethnic and Race Relations
History and Exploration
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Abstract:This paper examines the inconsistent development of segregationist strategies on the easern Cape frontier (South Africa) in the period 1806-c. 1850. It argues that the primary thrust of official segregationist strategy shifted throughout the century in response to Xhosa resistance, the material demands of colonists and competing discourses surrounding the Xhosa. A periodization is developed around three broad phases. In the first, the colonial State attempted the complete economic and cultural exclusion of Xhosas from the colonial margins. In the second, spanning the period in which overt Rarabe Xhosa resistance was finally crushed, attempts to maintain spatial separation between colonists and Xhosa were tempered by efforts to modify Xhosa culture in order to render Xhosas more amenable to the colonial presence. The intensity and scope of these efforts, however, shifted in accordance with changing frontier conditions. In a third phase towards the end of the 19th century, the eastern Cape became enmeshed in a wider, industrial form of segregation premised upon both spatial and cultural exclusion, but with the addition of more efficient mechanisms for controlled labour absorption. However, constructions of the Xhosa generated during earlier phases provided legitimation for this subsequent system of industrial segregation. Notes, ref., sum.