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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Preventive Health Strategies and Infant Survival in Zimbabwe
Author:Zerai, Assata
Year:1997
Periodical:Africa Development: A Quarterly Journal of CODESRIA (ISSN 0850-3907)
Volume:22
Issue:2
Pages:101-129
Language:English
Notes:biblio. refs.
Geographic terms:Zimbabwe
Southern Africa
Subjects:child mortality
women's education
child health
Health and Nutrition
Medicine, Nutrition, Public Health
Infants--Mortality
preventive medicine
health education
Maternal and child health
Education of women
Child survival
Abstract:This article examines the effect of demographic and socioeconomic variables on child survival in Zimbabwe between 1983 and 1988. In particular, it evaluates the effect of female education on child survival. The study adopts a multilevel approach, which incorporates both the individual mother's level of education and the average level of education of women in the childbearing age in the community. The author uses data from the Zimbabwe Demographic and Health Survey (ZDHS) and ZDHS Service Availability data which provide information on child health, the proximate derminants of fertility, fertility preferences and other social and economic characteristics. The results of the analysis show that secondary-level education of individual mothers and of women in the community promotes child survival. However, educational levels of women in the infant's community proved to be more significant than the education of an infant's own mother. This outcome sustains the findings of John C. Caldwell (1986) that average levels of female education are the main predictor of child survival. Bibliogr., notes, sum. in French.
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