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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Theories of nationalism, nation, and ethnicity: a typology of narratives
Author:Diop, SambaISNI
Year:1996
Periodical:Démocraties africaines
Volume:2
Issue:8
Pages:39-49
Language:English
Geographic terms:French-speaking Africa
Subsaharan Africa
Senegal
Subjects:nationalism
ethnicity
novels
Abstract:This paper explores the theoretical bases of the concepts of nation-building and nation-affirmation, ethnicity, culture and identity, and nationality as these concepts relate to the African francophone novel, in particular the novel in Senegal. The author first shows the relationship between nationalism and the growth of national literatures. Second, he demonstrates how the ideology of ethnicity is apparent both within oral performance and literature and within the written narrative. What comes to the surface is the concept of 'inconscient collectif', or group status at the levels of both the ethnic group and the nation. Thirdly, he deals with the destabilizing effects of the concepts of metissage and hybridization. Finally, the author elucidates the interactions of culture, language, identity and narrative in the colonial and postcolonial contexts and reveals the paradoxes and contradictions that are inherent in any nationalistic enterprise. Notes, ref.
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