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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:The Ethical Dimension of Tiv Religion
Author:Dzurgba, Akpenpuun
Periodical:Africana Marburgensia
Geographic term:Nigeria
Subjects:African religions
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Religion and Witchcraft
Abstract:Tiv ethics cannot be separated from Tiv religion. Among the Tiv, who live in Benue State in central Nigeria, God (Aondo) is the greatest source of ethical values. God rewards good actions and punishes evildoers. In Tiv religion, divinities ('akombo') perform specialized functions in human society. Swem is a divinity in charge of justice. In government courts of law in Tivland, adherents of the Tiv religion are provided with Swem to swear. Swem is also used to sanction policy decisions made by the council of elders. Witchcraft in Tiv religion is a source of negative moral consciousness. Tiv religious ethics is taught through Tiv traditional education, which survives to this day and which does not encourage individualistic tendencies but emphasizes solidarity, stability, orderliness, security and peace. The teaching of Tiv religious ethics may be practical and impromptu, taking place when occasioned by a particular act or event. Theoretical methods are also used, as when ethical values are inculcated through the telling of tales, myths, proverbs and fables. Notes, ref.