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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Relocating Maji Maji: The Politics of Alliance and Authority in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania, 1870-1918
Author:Monson, JamieISNI
Periodical:The Journal of African History
Geographic terms:Tanzania
Subjects:Maji Maji uprising
Politics and Government
History and Exploration
bibliographies (form)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Law, Legal Issues, and Human Rights
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/183331
Abstract:The nationalist narrative of the Maji Maji rebellion presents it as a movement that spread between 1904 and 1906 from its 'outbreak' in the coastal Matumbi hills to the southern highlands of Tanzania in an 'explosion of African hatred of European rule'. The memories of older residents suggest that this model of diffusion does not fully account for the conflict and change that characterized the southern highlands at the time. Oral testimonies have suggested that Maji Maji represents a larger complex of political relationships, tensions and grievances that spanned the late precolonial and early colonial periods. This complex was characterized by shifting alliances and identities, the gendered experience of war and conflict, and the devastation of agricultural and environmental resources in affected areas. The groups which reacted to German rule were not consolidated or bounded entities. Their cohesion was determined by internal tensions of allegiance as well as the external politics of alliance. Women were centrally important to the politics of alliance and authority as their labour formed the foundation for the expansion of kinship and agrarian accumulation in the later 19th century. The aftermath of Maji Maji was characterized by famine. The politics of famine realigned the landscape of authority and alliance in the area. Notes, ref., sum.