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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Ethiopia, the Sudan, and Egypt: The Nile River Dispute
Author:Swain, Ashok
Periodical:Journal of Modern African Studies
Geographic terms:Nile River
Subjects:international agreements
international conflicts
Inter-African Relations
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/162009
Abstract:This article first surveys treaties and agreements concluded over the Nile between Egypt and the Sudan since the late 19th century, the construction of the Aswan dam in Egypt in the 1960s, and the Jonglei Canal project in south Sudan. Then it discusses the growing scarcity of water in Egypt and the Sudan, the role of Ethiopia, and efforts towards achieving cooperation on the Nile river system. In recent years, Egypt's political domination in the Nile basin region has been increasingly challenged by the Sudan, particularly since the advent in 1989 of the National Islamic Front. However, the Sudan does not pose any immediate danger to Egypt's water supply as it hardly possesses the means to do so. But this is not the case with Ethiopia, because despite the willingness of its leaders to align themselves from time to time with the regimes in Cairo and/or Khartoum, they do not want a perceived 'Arab' nation to dominate the affairs of the 'Black' Horn of Africa. As long as the demand for water continues to grow in the region it is not difficult to foresee that disagreements might escalate into violence over sharing the resources of the Nile in the near future. Notes, ref.