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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:'For Sure You Are Going to Die!': Political Participation and the Comrade Movement in Inanda, KwaZulu-Natal
Author:Hemson, David
Periodical:Social Dynamics
Geographic terms:South Africa
Subjects:local politics
African National Congress (South Africa)
Ethnic and Race Relations
Politics and Government
Abstract:The comrade phenomenon in Inanda, a poor community of about 300,000 people situated north of Durban (South Africa), differs from that in other South African townships in two respects: firstly, the marshall movement which emerged in late 1989 during a vacuum of authority, and secondly, the growing oppositional character of this movement towards the official ANC leadership. The marshalls, who combined spontaneous self-organization and a militia formation, kept a comprehensive record of their membership, including age, rank, sex, home area, and an assessment for ability. From this data it is possible to generate historical statistics on the geography and participation of individuals and groups in the movement. The Inanda marshalls have been decisive in changing the political character of the area from that of Zulu traditionalism and patriarchal order to that of the liberatory aims of the Congress movement in a relatively short space of time (October 1989 - April 1991). By 1993, the Inanda marshalls as a social movement were at an end. They were replaced by ANC branches, who were increasingly dominated by an older generation of leadership. Bibliogr., notes, ref.