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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Theorizing Access: Forest Profits Along Senegal's Charcoal Commodity Chain
Author:Ribot, Jesse C.
Periodical:Development and Change
Geographic term:Senegal
Development and Technology
Economics and Trade
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Abstract:The central question in this article is one which arises in many developing countries: who profits from commercial forestry, and how? By using access mapping with commodity chain ('filière') analysis, the author examines the distribution of the benefits from the charcoal trade in Senegal and the multiple market mechanisms supporting that distribution. Benefits from charcoal can derive from direct control over forest access, or from access to markets, labour opportunities, capital, and State agents and officials. This access is based on a number of interrelated mechanisms, for instance legal property, social relations, coercion, and information control. A commodity chain itself is a series of relations through which a product passes, from extraction to conversion, from exchange to transport, from distribution to final use. Access mapping involves evaluating the distribution of benefits along the chain, and tracing out the mechanisms by which access to benefits is maintained. It demonstrates the limited benefits of property, the embedded nature of markets, and the role of extralegal structures in shaping equity and efficiency in resource use. The data presented in the case are based on fieldwork in five villages in the Tambacounda Region of eastern Senegal in 1986-1987, 1989 and 1994. Bibliogr., notes, ref., sum.