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Periodical article Periodical article Leiden University catalogue Leiden University catalogue WorldCat catalogue WorldCat
Title:Disruption without Transformation: Agrarian Relations and Livelihoods in Nampula Province, Mozambique, 1975-1995
Author:Pitcher, M. AnneISNI
Periodical:Journal of Southern African Studies
Geographic term:Mozambique
Subjects:rural development
rural society
agricultural economy
Agriculture, Natural Resources and the Environment
Peoples of Africa (Ethnic Groups)
Politics and Government
External link:https://www.jstor.org/stable/2637450
Abstract:Since independence, three processes have shaped the lives of rural Mozambicans: the implementation of socialist policies, a protracted and low intensity civil war, and the more recent commitment to privatize State assets. This article examines their impact on agrarian economic relations and institutions of local political power from 1975 to 1995 in two districts of Nampula, Monapo and Mecuburi, in northern Mozambique. The author describes the ways that rural people constructed their livelihoods to cope with the effetcs of these processes and explores the implications for understanding recent developments in Mozambique's countryside. She argues that the three processes disrupted rather than transformed agrarian relations in Nampula. They reshaped rather than replaced local political authority and certain customary patterns, and they have unsettled rather than reconfigurated the ways in which rural people make a living. Disruption without transformation occurred partly because the outcomes of at least two of the processes were inconclusive. The Frelimo government failed to realize the objectives of socialism and the end of the war produced no outright winner. Early indications suggest that the effect of privatization policies will also be indeterminate. Notes, ref., sum.